FEINBERG, family of pioneer settlers in Ereẓ Israel. YOSEF FEINBERG (1855–1902) was born in Simferopol in the Crimea, the son of wealthy parents, and studied chemistry at Swiss and German universities. Aroused by the 1881 pogroms, he went to Ereẓ Israel in the spring of 1882, taking a large sum of money. He joined zalman levontin in founding rishon le-zion on land which he helped to buy. Feinberg went to Western Europe and succeeded in gaining Baron Edmond de rothschild 's support for the idea of Jewish settlement in Erez Israel. However, Feinberg opposed the Baron's paternalistic system of management, and after a dispute in 1887 with the Baron's representative, yehoshua ossowetzky , he was forced to sell his property and leave the settlement, together with other founding members. He bought an oil press in Lydda, but was forced to sell it because of financial straits. He then opened a pharmacy in Jaffa. He was among those who received theodor herzl in Ereẓ Israel in 1898. ISRAEL ("Lotik"; 1865–1911) younger brother of Yosef, was born in Sebastopol, Crimea. In the early 1880s Israel settled in Rishon le-Zion, where he married Fania Belkind, a member of bilu . Leaving Rishon le-Zion with his brother, Feinberg settled in Gederah, where he was one of the settle-ment's first watchmen (1891) and organized the planting of eucalyptus groves to drain the swamps. In 1898 he moved with his family to Ḥaderah , but, contracting malaria, was forced to move to Jerusalem. The family returned to Ḥaderah a few years later, and Feinberg tried to reestablish his farm there but died as a result of the debilitating effects of malaria and hard labor. AVSHALOM (1889–1917) cofounder of nili , son of Israel. He was born in Gederah and as a young man he studied in France. Upon his return he worked at the agricultural station set up by Aharon aaronsohn at Athlit. A few months after the outbreak of World War I, he and Aaronsohn founded the anti-Turkish intelligence network, Nili. In 1915 Feinberg reached Egypt on an American ship, establishing contact with British naval intelligence, who returned him to Athlit. When Aaronsohn went to England to negotiate with the government, Feinberg, Sarah aaronsohn , and joseph lishansky continued to develop the intelligence ring, impatiently awaiting the results of Aaronsohn's mission. In 1917 Feinberg again set out for Egypt, this time on foot, along with Lishansky, but was shot and killed by Bedouin near the British front in Sinai. In 1967, after the Six-Day War, Feinberg's remains were discovered near Rafa under a palm tree which had sprung from date seeds he carried with him on his journey. He was reburied on Mount Herzl in Jerusalem and given a state funeral. Feinberg was one of the romantic figures of his time. His letters and memoirs, preserved in the Nili archives at Zikhron Ya'akov , offer an insight into the world of the first generation born in the new Jewish settlements. His letters and memoirs were published under the title Avshalom (1971) by A. Amir. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: A. Yaari, Goodly Heritage (1958), index; A. Engle, Nili Spies (1959), index; D. Idelevitch (ed.), Rishon le-Ziyyon (1941), 41–47,507; M. Smilansky, Mishpahat ha-Adamah, 1 (19542), 159–62; 2 (1954), 72–77; Dinur, Haganah, 1 pt. 1 (1954), 80f., 279, 354–62; 1, pt. 2 (1956), 730–3; J. Yaari-Poleskin, Ḥolemim ve-Loḥamim (19643), 103–9; E. Livneh (ed.), Nili: Toledoteha shel He'azah Medinit (1961). (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Feinberg — can refer to: *Aaron Feinberg, American rollerblading champion *Avshalom Feinberg (1889 1917), leader of Nili *Benjamin F. Feinberg (1888 1959), NY politician *Gerald Feinberg, American physicist *Joel Feinberg (1926 2004), American philosopher… …   Wikipedia

  • Feinberg — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aaron Feinberg (* 1981), US amerikanischer Inline Skater Gerald Feinberg (1933–1992), Physiker an der Columbia University und Futurist Jewgeni Lwowitsch Feinberg (auch Eugene L. Feinberg; 1912–2005),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Feinberg — Feinberg,   Fẹjnberg, Samuil Jewgenjewitsch, russischer Pianist und Komponist, * Odessa 26. 5. 1890, ✝ Moskau 22. 10. 1962; studierte am Moskauer Konservatorium, wo er seit 1922 Professor war und in dieser Eigenschaft maßgebend zu der Ausbildung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Feinberg — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Anat Feinberg (né en 1951), écrivain israélien. Avshalom Feinberg (1889 1917), co fondateur du réseau Nili. David Feinberg, psychologue. Voir l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FEINBERG, ABRAHAM — (1908–1998), U.S. businessman and organization leader. Feinberg, who was born in New York City, received his law degrees from Fordham and New York University. He occupied a number of prominent executive positions, among them chairmanship of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINBERG, ABRAHAM L. — FEINBERG, ABRAHAM L. (1899–1986), Reform rabbi and activist. Feinberg was born in Bellaire, Ohio, to immigrant parents from Grinkishok (Grinkiskis), Lithuania, which Feinberg referred to as the birthplace of my spirit. He earned a B.A. from the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINBERG, KENNETH — (1945– ), U.S. attorney, expert in mediation and alternative dispute resolution. Born and raised in Brockton, Mass., Feinberg graduated cum laude from the University of Massachusetts in 1967 and from New York University School of Law, where he… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINBERG, LOUIS — (1887–1949), U.S. Conservative rabbi and community leader. Born in Rossieny, Lithuania, Feinberg was brought to the United States in 1903. He was educated in the public schools of Philadelphia and graduated from the University of Pennsylvania… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINBERG, DAVID — (1840–1916), Russian communal leader. Born in Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania, Feinberg studied law at St. Petersburg University. While in his twenties he attained a responsible position in the St. Petersburg Warsaw railroad company and was active in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FEINBERG, SAMUEL YEVGENYEVICH — (1890–1962), pianist and composer. Born in Odessa, Feinberg graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1911 (as a pianist, class of Gold enveizer) and was appointed professor of piano (from 1922) and director of the piano faculty from 1936 until… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”